Culture Collections

Bacteria and Mycoplasmas Detail

Conditions of Supply of Microbial Pathogens: Safety

Bacteria Collection: Achromobacter denitrificans

NCTC Number: NCTC 8582
Current Name: Achromobacter denitrificans
Original Strain Reference: H 12
Other Collection No: H 12;ATCC 15173;DSM 30026;ATCC 15173
Previous Catalogue Name: Alcaligenes faecalis
Status of Strain: T
Hazard Group (ACDP): 2
Release Restrictions: Terms & Conditions of Supply of Microbial Pathogens: Safety
Conditions for growth on solid media: nutrient agar,37, aerobic
Conditions for growth on liquid media: nutrient broth,37, aerobic
Isolated From: soil
16S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|AJ278451|DSM 30026 (T)|Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans partial 16S rRNAgene, strain DSM 30026 (T).| agagtttgatcatgg... >gb|Y14907|DSM 30026| TYPE STRAIN|Alcaligenes denitrificans 16S rRNA gene.| gctcagattgaacgc...
Bibliography: KIREDJIAN (M.), HOLMES (B.), KERSTERS (K.), GUILVOUT (I.) and DE LEY (J.): Alcaligenes piechaudii, a new species from human clinical specimens and the environment. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 282-287.
Extended Bibliography: showhide Show bibliography
Ref #: 28444
Author(s): Diavatopoulos,D.A.;Cummings,C.A.;van der Heide,H.G.;van Gent,M.;Liew,S.;Relman,D.A.;Mooi,F.R.
Journal: J Bacteriol
Title: Characterization of a highly conserved island in the otherwise divergent Bordetella holmesii and Bordetella pertussis genomes
Volume: 188
Page(s): 8385-94
Year: 2006
Keyword(s): GENBANK/DQ402382 GENBANK/DQ402383 GENBANK/DQ402384 GENBANK/DQ402385 GENBANK/DQ402386 GENBANK/DQ402387 GENBANK/DQ402388 GENBANK/DQ402389 GENBANK/DQ402390 GENBANK/DQ402391 GENBANK/DQ402392 GENBANK/DQ402393 GENBANK/DQ402394 GENBANK/DQ402395 GENBANK/DQ402396 GENBANK/DQ402397 GENBANK/DQ402398 GENBANK/DQ402399 GENBANK/DQ402400 GENBANK/DQ402401 GENBANK/DQ402402 GENBANK/DQ402403 GENBANK/DQ402404 GENBANK/DQ402405 GENBANK/DQ402406 GENBANK/DQ402407 GENBANK/DQ402408 GENBANK/DQ402409 GENBANK/DQ402410 GENBANK/DQ402411 GENBANK/DQ402412 GENBANK/DQ402413 GENBANK/DQ402414 GENBANK/DQ402415 GENBANK/DQ402416 GENBANK/DQ402417 GENBANK/DQ402418 Bacterial Proteins/genetics/metabolism Bordetella/*classification/*genetics/isolation & purification Bordetella pertussis/*classification/*genetics/isolation & purification Evolution, Molecular Genome, Bacterial Genomic Islands/*genetics Humans Hydroxamic Acids/metabolism Molecular Sequence Data Nucleic Acid Hybridization Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis Phylogeny Sequence Analysis, DNA
Remarks: The recently discovered pathogen Bordetella holmesii has been isolated from the airways and blood of diseased humans. Genetic events contributing to the emergence of B. holmesii are not understood, and its phylogenetic position among the bordetellae remains unclear. To address these questions, B. holmesii strains were analyzed by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to a Bordetella pertussis microarray and by multilocus sequence typing. Both methods indicated substantial sequence divergence between B. pertussis and B. holmesii. However, CGH identified a putative pathogenicity island of 66 kb that is highly conserved between these species and contains several IS481 elements that may have been laterally transferred from B. pertussis to B. holmesii. This island contains, among other genes, a functional, iron-regulated locus encoding the biosynthesis, export, and uptake of the siderophore alcaligin. The acquisition of this genomic island by B. holmesii may have significantly contributed to its emergence as a human pathogen. Horizontal gene transfer between B. pertussis and B. holmesii may also explain the unusually high sequence identity of their 16S rRNA genes.
URL: 17041054
Ref #: 310
Author(s): Leifson,E.;Hugh,R.
Journal: J. Gen. Microbiol.
Title: Alcaligenes denitrificans n. sp.
Volume: 11
Page(s): 512-513
Year: 1954
Ref #: 3809
Author(s): Rüger,H.-J.;Tan,T.L.
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Separation of Alcaligenes denitrificans sp. nov. nom. rev. from Alcaligenes faecalis on the basis of DNA base composition, DNA homology and nitrate reduction.
Volume: 33
Page(s): 85-89
Year: 1983
Ref #: 4899
Author(s): Dewhirst,F.E.;Paster,B.J.;Bright,P.L.
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Chromobacterium, Eikenella, Kingella, Neisseria, Simonsiella, and Vitreoscilla species comprise a major branch of the beta group Proteobacteria by 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid sequence comparison: transfer of Eikenella and Simonsiella to the family Nei
Volume: 39
Page(s): 258-266
Year: 1989
Ref #: 6663
Author(s): Vandamme,P.;Heyndrickx,M.;Vancanneyt,M.;Hoste,B.;deVos,P.;Falsen,E.;Kersters,K.;Hinz,K.-H.
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Bordetella trematum sp. nov., isolated from wounds and ear infections in humans, and reassessment of Alcaligenes denitrificans Rüger and Tan 1983.
Volume: 46
Page(s): 849-858
Year: 1996
Ref #: 7245
Author(s): Yabuuchi,E.;Kawamura,Y.;Kosako,Y.;Ezaki,T.
Journal: Microbiol. Immunol.
Title: Emendation of the genus Achromobacter and Achromobacter xylosoxidans (Yabuuchi and Yano) and proposal of Achromobacter ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac) comb. nov., Achromobacter piechaudii (Kiredjian et al.) comb. nov., and Achromobacter xylosoxidans subs
Volume: 42
Page(s): 429-438
Year: 1998
Data: (ATCC 15173) E. Leifson, Chicago in 1954 / Soil / Leifson, E. & Hugh, R. (1954) J. gen. Microbiol. 11, 512.

COENYE (T.), VANCANNEYT (M.), CNOCKAERT (M.C.), FALSEN (E.), SWINGS (J.) and VANDAMME (P.): Kerstersia gyiorum gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel Alcaligenes faecalis-like organism isolated from human clinical samples, and reclassification of Alcaligenes denitrificans Rüger and Tan 1983 as Achromobacter denitrificans comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1825-1831
Accession Date: 01/01/1954
History: STRITCH SCHOOL OF MEDICINE & GRADUATE SCHOOL,CHICAGO
Authority: (Rüger and Tan 1983) Coenye et al. 2003
Depositor: LEIFSON E
Taxonomy: Achromobacter denitrificans (Rüger and Tan 1983) Coenye et al. 2003
Biosafety Responsibility: It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country

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The Culture Collections hold cell cultures, bacteria, fungi and virus strains from worldwide sources. Our scientists ensure that the identification of the cultures is correct and they remain unchanged from when they are first deposited with the Collection. Nevertheless, some of the data we provide about the cultures is supplied by the person depositing the strains and, although we have multiple checking procedures in place, we cannot always verify all their data. Please note that the Culture Collections cannot be held responsible for any inaccuracies in the data provided by the depositors.

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