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Bacteria Collection: Neisseria lactamica

NCTC Number: NCTC 10617
Current Name: Neisseria lactamica
Original Strain Reference: A 7515
Other Collection No: ATCC 23970; A 7515; DSM 4691
Previous Catalogue Name: Neisseria lactamica
Other Names: NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS, (ALBRECHT AND GHON 1901) MURRAY 1929
Type Strain: Yes
Family: Neisseriaceae
Hazard Group (ACDP): 2
Release Restrictions: Terms & Conditions of Supply of Microbial Pathogens: Safety
Conditions for growth on solid media: Chocolate blood agar, 24-48 hours, 37°C, requires carbon dioxide
Conditions for growth on liquid media: nutrient broth,37, aerobic
Isolated From: human, nose
Whole Genome Sequence: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/ERS1054582
Annotated Genome: ftp://ftp.sanger.ac.uk/pub/project/pathogens/NCTC3000/...
16S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|X74901|NCTC 10617 T|N.lactamica gene for 16S rRNA.| atgctttacacatgc... >gb|AJ247241|DSM 4691|Neisseria lactamica 16S rRNA gene, partial.| catgcaagtcggacg... >gb|AJ239286|NCTC10617|Neisseria lactamica 16S rRNA gene (partial), strain NCTC10617.| cagcggggtagtgct...
23S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|AJ228766|DSM 4691|Neisseria lactamica 23S rRNA gene, partial.| tgtacttgattcaaa...
Extended Bibliography: showhide Show bibliography
Ref #: 15528
Author(s): Enright,M.C.;Carter,P.E.;MacLean,I.A.;McKenzie,H.
Journal: Int J Syst Bacteriol
Title: Phylogenetic relationships between some members of the genera Neisseria, Acinetobacter, Moraxella, and Kingella based on partial 16S ribosomal DNA sequence analysis
Volume: 44
Page(s): 387-91
Year: 1994
Keyword(s): GENBANK/X74893 GENBANK/X74894 GENBANK/X74895 GENBANK/X74896 GENBANK/X74897 GENBANK/X74898 GENBANK/X74899 GENBANK/X74900 GENBANK/X74901 GENBANK/X74902 GENBANK/X74903 Acinetobacter/classification/genetics Base Sequence DNA Primers/genetics DNA, Bacterial/*genetics DNA, Ribosomal/*genetics Kingella/classification/genetics Molecular Sequence Data Moraxella/classification/genetics Neisseria/classification/genetics Neisseriaceae/*classification/*genetics Phylogeny RNA, Bacterial/genetics RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid Species Specificity
Remarks: We obtained 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequence data for strains belonging to 11 species of Proteobacteria, including the type strains of Kingella kingae, Neisseria lactamica, Neisseria meningitidis, Moraxella lacunata subsp. lacunata, [Neisseria] ovis, Moraxella catarrhalis, Moraxella osloensis, [Moraxella] phenylpyruvica, and Acinetobacter lwoffii, as well as strains of Neisseria subflava and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus. The data in a distance matrix constructed by comparing the sequences supported the proposal that the genera Acinetobacter and Moraxella and [N.] ovis should be excluded from the family Neisseriaceae. Our results are consistent with hybridization data which suggest that these excluded taxa should be part of a new family, the Moraxellaceae. The strains that we studied can be divided into the following five groups: (i) M. lacunata subsp. lacunata, [N.] ovis, and M. catarrhalis; (ii) M. osloensis; (iii) [M.] phenylpyruvica; (iv) A. calcoaceticus and A. lwoffii; and (v) N. meningitidis, N. subflava, N. lactamica, and K. kingae. We agree with the previous proposal that [N.] ovis should be renamed Moraxella ovis, as this organism is closely related to Moraxella species and not to Neisseria species. The generically misnamed taxon [M.] phenylpyruvica belongs to the proposed family Moraxellaceae, but it is sufficiently different to warrant exclusion from the genus Moraxella. Further work needs to be done to investigate genetically similar species, such as Psychrobacter immobilis, before the true generic position of this organism can be determined. Automated 16S rDNA sequencing with the PCR allows workers to accurately determine phylogenetic relationships between groups of organisms.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
URL: 7520730
Ref #: 64529
Author(s): Smith,N.H.;Holmes,E.C.;Donovan,G.M.;Carpenter,G.A.;Spratt,B.G.
Journal: Mol Biol Evol
Title: Networks and groups within the genus Neisseria: analysis of argF, recA, rho, and 16S rRNA sequences from human Neisseria species
Volume: 16
Page(s): 773-83
Year: 1999
Keyword(s): GENBANK/AJ239278 GENBANK/AJ239279 GENBANK/AJ239280 GENBANK/AJ239281 GENBANK/AJ239282 GENBANK/AJ239283 GENBANK/AJ239284 GENBANK/AJ239285 GENBANK/AJ239286 GENBANK/AJ239287 GENBANK/AJ239288 GENBANK/AJ239289 GENBANK/AJ239290 GENBANK/AJ239291 GENBANK/AJ239292 GENBANK/AJ239293 GENBANK/AJ239294 GENBANK/AJ239295 GENBANK/AJ239296 GENBANK/AJ239297 GENBANK/AJ239298 GENBANK/AJ239299 GENBANK/AJ239300 GENBANK/AJ239301 GENBANK/AJ239302 GENBANK/AJ239303 GENBANK/AJ239304 GENBANK/AJ239305 GENBANK/AJ239306 GENBANK/AJ239307 Base Sequence DNA Primers/genetics Evolution, Molecular *Genes, Bacterial Humans Molecular Sequence Data Nasopharynx/microbiology Neisseria/classification/*genetics/pathogenicity Neisseria gonorrhoeae/genetics Neisseria meningitidis/genetics Phylogeny RNA, Bacterial/*genetics RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/*genetics Rec A Recombinases/genetics Rho Factor/*genetics Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid Species Specificity
Remarks: To understand the pattern of nucleotide sequence variation among bacteria that frequently exchange chromosomal genes, we analyzed sequences of the recA, argF, and rho genes, as well as part of the small-subunit (16S) rRNA gene, from about 50 isolates of human commensal Neisseria species and the pathogenic N. meningitidis and N. gonorrhoeae. Almost all isolates of these species could be assigned to five phylogenetic groups that are found for all genes examined and generally are supported by high bootstrap values. In contrast, the phylogenetic relationships among groups varied according to the gene analyzed with notable incongruences involving N. cinerea and N. lactamica. Further analysis using split decomposition showed that for each gene, including 16S rRNA, the patterns of sequence divergence within N. meningitidis and closely related species were inconsistent with a bifurcating treelike phylogeny and better represented by an interconnected network. These data indicate that the human commensal Neisseria species can be separated into discrete groups of related species but that the relationships both within and among these groups, including those reconstructed using 16S rRNA, have been distorted by interspecies recombination events.
URL: 10368955
Ref #: 13256
Author(s): Smith,N.H.;Holmes,E.C.;Donovan,G.M.;Carpenter,G.A.;Spratt,B.G.
Journal: Mol Biol Evol
Title: Networks and groups within the genus Neisseria: analysis of argF, recA, rho, and 16S rRNA sequences from human Neisseria species
Volume: 16
Page(s): 773-83
Year: 1999
Keyword(s): GENBANK/AJ239278 GENBANK/AJ239279 GENBANK/AJ239280 GENBANK/AJ239281 GENBANK/AJ239282 GENBANK/AJ239283 GENBANK/AJ239284 GENBANK/AJ239285 GENBANK/AJ239286 GENBANK/AJ239287 GENBANK/AJ239288 GENBANK/AJ239289 GENBANK/AJ239290 GENBANK/AJ239291 GENBANK/AJ239292 GENBANK/AJ239293 GENBANK/AJ239294 GENBANK/AJ239295 GENBANK/AJ239296 GENBANK/AJ239297 GENBANK/AJ239298 GENBANK/AJ239299 GENBANK/AJ239300 GENBANK/AJ239301 GENBANK/AJ239302 GENBANK/AJ239303 GENBANK/AJ239304 GENBANK/AJ239305 GENBANK/AJ239306 GENBANK/AJ239307 Base Sequence Comparative Study DNA Primers/genetics Evolution, Molecular *Genes, Bacterial Human Molecular Sequence Data Nasopharynx/microbiology Neisseria/classification/*genetics/pathogenicity Neisseria gonorrhoeae/genetics Neisseria meningitidis/genetics Phylogeny RNA, Bacterial/*genetics RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/*genetics Rec A Protein/genetics Rho Factor/*genetics Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid Species Specificity Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Remarks: To understand the pattern of nucleotide sequence variation among bacteria that frequently exchange chromosomal genes, we analyzed sequences of the recA, argF, and rho genes, as well as part of the small-subunit (16S) rRNA gene, from about 50 isolates of human commensal Neisseria species and the pathogenic N. meningitidis and N. gonorrhoeae. Almost all isolates of these species could be assigned to five phylogenetic groups that are found for all genes examined and generally are supported by high bootstrap values. In contrast, the phylogenetic relationships among groups varied according to the gene analyzed with notable incongruences involving N. cinerea and N. lactamica. Further analysis using split decomposition showed that for each gene, including 16S rRNA, the patterns of sequence divergence within N. meningitidis and closely related species were inconsistent with a bifurcating treelike phylogeny and better represented by an interconnected network. These data indicate that the human commensal Neisseria species can be separated into discrete groups of related species but that the relationships both within and among these groups, including those reconstructed using 16S rRNA, have been distorted by interspecies recombination events.
URL: 99297344
Ref #: 11987
Author(s): Enright,M.C.;Carter,P.E.;MacLean,I.A.;McKenzie,H.
Journal: Int J Syst Bacteriol
Title: Phylogenetic relationships between some members of the genera Neisseria, Acinetobacter, Moraxella, and Kingella based on partial 16S ribosomal DNA sequence analysis
Volume: 44
Page(s): 387-91
Year: 1994
Keyword(s): GENBANK/X74893 GENBANK/X74894 GENBANK/X74895 GENBANK/X74896 GENBANK/X74897 GENBANK/X74898 GENBANK/X74899 GENBANK/X74900 GENBANK/X74901 GENBANK/X74902 GENBANK/X74903 Acinetobacter/classification/genetics Base Sequence Comparative Study DNA Primers/genetics DNA, Bacterial/*genetics DNA, Ribosomal/*genetics Kingella/classification/genetics Molecular Sequence Data Moraxella/classification/genetics Neisseria/classification/genetics Neisseriaceae/*classification/*genetics Phylogeny RNA, Bacterial/genetics RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid Species Specificity Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Remarks: We obtained 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequence data for strains belonging to 11 species of Proteobacteria, including the type strains of Kingella kingae, Neisseria lactamica, Neisseria meningitidis, Moraxella lacunata subsp. lacunata, [Neisseria] ovis, Moraxella catarrhalis, Moraxella osloensis, [Moraxella] phenylpyruvica, and Acinetobacter lwoffii, as well as strains of Neisseria subflava and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus. The data in a distance matrix constructed by comparing the sequences supported the proposal that the genera Acinetobacter and Moraxella and [N.] ovis should be excluded from the family Neisseriaceae. Our results are consistent with hybridization data which suggest that these excluded taxa should be part of a new family, the Moraxellaceae. The strains that we studied can be divided into the following five groups: (i) M. lacunata subsp. lacunata, [N.] ovis, and M. catarrhalis; (ii) M. osloensis; (iii) [M.] phenylpyruvica; (iv) A. calcoaceticus and A. lwoffii; and (v) N. meningitidis, N. subflava, N. lactamica, and K. kingae. We agree with the previous proposal that [N.] ovis should be renamed Moraxella ovis, as this organism is closely related to Moraxella species and not to Neisseria species. The generically misnamed taxon [M.] phenylpyruvica belongs to the proposed family Moraxellaceae, but it is sufficiently different to warrant exclusion from the genus Moraxella. Further work needs to be done to investigate genetically similar species, such as Psychrobacter immobilis, before the true generic position of this organism can be determined. Automated 16S rDNA sequencing with the PCR allows workers to accurately determine phylogenetic relationships between groups of organisms.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
URL: 94347600
Ref #: 1300
Author(s): Skerman,V.B.D.;McGowan,V.;Sneath,P.H.A.(ed)
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Approved Lists of Bacterial Names.
Volume: 30
Page(s): 225-420
Year: 1980
Ref #: 4900
Author(s): Rossau,R.;Vandenbussche,G.;Thielemans,S.;Segers,P.;Grosch,H.;Göthe,E.;Mannheim,W.;DeLey,J.
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Ribosomal ribonucleic acid cistron similarities and deoxyribonucleic acid homologies of Neisseria, Kingella, Eikenella, Simonsiella, Alysiella, and Centers for Disease Control groups EF-4 and M-5 in the emended family Neisseriaceae.
Volume: 39
Page(s): 185-198
Year: 1989
Data: (ATCC 23970) Type strain / R. E. Weaver, CDC Atlanta in 1968 / Nose / Hollis, D. G. et al. (1969) Appl. Microbiol. 17, 71
Accession Date: 01/01/1968
History: ISOLATED AT NCDC NEW MEXICO 1967-WEAVER R CDC ATLANTA
Authority: Hollis et al. 1969 (AL)
Depositor: WEAVER R E
Taxonomy: TaxLink: S2104 (Neisseria lactamica Hollis et al. 1969) - Date of change: 5/02/2003
Biosafety Responsibility: It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country

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