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Bacteria Collection: Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni

NCTC Number: NCTC 11322
Current Name: Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni
Original Strain Reference: VPI H840
Other Collection No: ATCC 29428; ATCC 1979; BIOTYPE 1; VPI H840; WDCM 00156
Previous Catalogue Name: Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni
Type Strain: No
Family: Campylobacteraceae
Hazard Group (ACDP): 2
Release Restrictions: Terms & Conditions of Supply of Microbial Pathogens: Safety
Antigenic Properties: serovar penner serotype 1
Conditions for growth on solid media: Columbia blood agar, 48 hours, 37°C, microaerophilic
Conditions for growth on liquid media: nutrient broth,37, microaerophilic
Isolated From: human, diarrheic stool of child
16S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|DQ174142|ATCC 29428|Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni strain ATCC 29428 16S ribosomalRNA (rrs) gene, partial sequence.| agtgaacgctggcgg...
23S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|X87293|BIOTYPE 1 ATCC 27562 T|V.vulnificus 23S rRNA gene, biotype 1.| ggttaagtgactaag...
Miscellaneous Sequence Data: >gb|AJ300551|CIP 5731T| ATCC 13337T| BIOTYPE 1|Hafnia alvei partial gyrB gene for DNA gyrase B subunit strain CIP5731T, ATCC 13337T, Biotype 1.| ataagtttgatgaca...
Extended Bibliography: showhide Show bibliography
Ref #: 48709
Author(s): Dauga,C.
Journal: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
Title: Evolution of the gyrB gene and the molecular phylogeny of Enterobacteriaceae: a model molecule for molecular systematic studies
Volume: 52
Page(s): 531-47
Year: 2002
Keyword(s): GENBANK/AJ300528 GENBANK/AJ300529 GENBANK/AJ300530 GENBANK/AJ300531 GENBANK/AJ300532 GENBANK/AJ300533 GENBANK/AJ300534 GENBANK/AJ300535 GENBANK/AJ300536 GENBANK/AJ300537 GENBANK/AJ300538 GENBANK/AJ300539 GENBANK/AJ300540 GENBANK/AJ300541 GENBANK/AJ300542 GENBANK/AJ300543 GENBANK/AJ300544 GENBANK/AJ300545 GENBANK/AJ300546 GENBANK/AJ300547 GENBANK/AJ300548 GENBANK/AJ300549 GENBANK/AJ300550 GENBANK/AJ300551 GENBANK/AJ300552 GENBANK/AJ300553 GENBANK/AJ300554 DNA Gyrase/*genetics Enterobacteriaceae/*classification/genetics Evolution, Molecular Genes, rRNA Molecular Sequence Data Phenotype RNA, Bacterial/chemistry RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/chemistry
Remarks: Phylogenetic trees showing the evolutionary relatedness of Enterobacteriaceae based upon gyrB and 16S rRNA genes were compared. Congruence among trees of these molecules indicates that the genomes of these species are not completely mosaic and that molecular systematic studies can be carried out. Phylogenetic trees based on gyrB sequences appeared to be more reliable at determining relationships among Serratia species than trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. gyrB sequences from Serratia species formed a monophyletic group validated by significant bootstrap values. Serratia fonticola had the most deeply branching gyrB sequence in the Serratia monophyletic group, which was consistent with its atypical phenotypic characteristics. Klebsiella and Enterobacter genera seemed to be polyphyletic, but the branching patterns of gyrB and 16S rRNA gene trees were not congruent. Enterobacter aerogenes was grouped with Klebsiella pneumoniae on the gyrB phylogenetic tree, which supports that this species could be transferred to the Klebsiella genus. Unfortunately, 16S rRNA and gyrB phylogenetic trees gave conflicting evolutionary relationships for Citrobacter freundii because of its unusual gyrB evolutionary process. gyrB lateral gene transfer was suspected for Hafnia alvei. Saturation of gyrB genes was observed by the pairwise comparison of Proteus spp., Providencia alcalifaciens and Morganella morganii sequences. Depending on their level of variability, 16S rRNA gene sequences were useful for describing phylogenetic relationships between distantly related Enterobacteriaceae, whereas gyrB sequence comparison was useful for inferring intra- and some intergeneric relationships.
URL: 11931166
Ref #: 95450
Author(s): Korczak,B.M.;Stieber,R.;Emler,S.;Burnens,A.P.;Frey,J.;Kuhnert,P.
Journal: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
Title: Genetic relatedness within the genus Campylobacter inferred from rpoB sequences
Volume: 56
Page(s): 937-45
Year: 2006
Keyword(s): Bacterial Proteins/*genetics Base Sequence Campylobacter/*classification/*genetics DNA Primers DNA, Bacterial/chemistry/genetics DNA, Ribosomal/chemistry/genetics DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases/*genetics Molecular Sequence Data *Phylogeny Polymerase Chain Reaction RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics Sequence Analysis, DNA Statistics
Remarks: The genus Campylobacter comprises 17 species, some of which are important animal and human pathogens. To gain more insight into the genetic relatedness of this genus and to improve the molecular tools available for diagnosis, a universal sequencing approach was established for the gene encoding the beta-subunit of RNA polymerase (rpoB) for the genus Campylobacter. A total of 59 strains, including the type strains of currently recognized species as well as field isolates, were investigated in the study. A primer set specific for Campylobacter species enabled straightforward amplification and sequencing of a 530 bp fragment of the rpoB gene. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of all of the strains were determined in parallel. A good congruence was obtained between 16S rRNA and rpoB gene sequence-based trees within the genus Campylobacter. The branching of the rpoB tree was similar to that of the 16S rRNA gene tree, even though a few discrepancies were observed for certain species. The resolution of the rpoB gene within the genus Campylobacter was generally much higher than that of the 16S rRNA gene sequence, resulting in a clear separation of most species and even some subspecies. The universally applicable amplification and sequencing approach for partial rpoB gene sequence determination provides a powerful tool for DNA sequence-based discrimination of Campylobacter species.
URL: 16627635
Data: (ATCC 29428) ATCC 1979 / N. R. Krieg, VPI / P. Dekeyser / Diarrheic stool of child / Biotype 1, Penner serotype 1
Accession Date: 01/01/1979
History: KRIEG N R,VPI;ISOLATED BY DEKEYSER P,NIVR,BRUSSELS
Authority: (Jones et al. 1931) Veron and Chatelain 1973 (AL)
Depositor: ATCC
Taxonomy: TaxLink: S675 (Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni (Jones et al. 1931) Veron and Chatelain 1973) - Date of change: 5/02/2003
Biosafety Responsibility: It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country

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The Culture Collections hold cell cultures, bacteria, fungi and virus strains from worldwide sources. Our scientists ensure that the identification of the cultures is correct and they remain unchanged from when they are first deposited with the Collection. Nevertheless, some of the data we provide about the cultures is supplied by the person depositing the strains and, although we have multiple checking procedures in place, we cannot always verify all their data. Please note that the Culture Collections cannot be held responsible for any inaccuracies in the data provided by the depositors.

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