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Bacteria Collection: Psychrobacter phenylpyruvicus

NCTC Number: NCTC 10526
Current Name: Psychrobacter phenylpyruvicus
Original Strain Reference: 2863
Other Collection No: ATCC 23333; DSM 7000; 2863
Previous Catalogue Name: Moraxella phenylpyruvica
Type Strain: Yes
Family: Moraxellaceae
Hazard Group (ACDP): 2
Release Restrictions: Terms & Conditions of Supply of Microbial Pathogens: Safety
Conditions for growth on solid media: Columbia blood agar, 24-48 hours, 37°C, aerobic
Conditions for growth on liquid media: nutrient broth,37, facultative anaerobe
Isolated From: human, blood
Whole Genome Sequence: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/ERS1497495
16S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|X74898|NCTC 10526 T|M.phenylpyruvica gene for 16S rRNA.| aggcttaacacatgc... >gb|U46144|ATCC 23333|Psychrobacter phenylpyruvicum ATCC 23333 16S ribosomal RNA gene.| aggcttaacacatgc... >gb|EF012270|NCTC 10526|Psychrobacter phenylpyruvicus strain NCTC 10526 16S ribosomal RNAgene, partial sequence.| gcaaccctgatccag...
Bibliography: BOVRE K & HENRIKSEN S D 1967 INT J SYST BACT 17 343
Extended Bibliography: showhide Show bibliography
Ref #: 15528
Author(s): Enright,M.C.;Carter,P.E.;MacLean,I.A.;McKenzie,H.
Journal: Int J Syst Bacteriol
Title: Phylogenetic relationships between some members of the genera Neisseria, Acinetobacter, Moraxella, and Kingella based on partial 16S ribosomal DNA sequence analysis
Volume: 44
Page(s): 387-91
Year: 1994
Keyword(s): GENBANK/X74893 GENBANK/X74894 GENBANK/X74895 GENBANK/X74896 GENBANK/X74897 GENBANK/X74898 GENBANK/X74899 GENBANK/X74900 GENBANK/X74901 GENBANK/X74902 GENBANK/X74903 Acinetobacter/classification/genetics Base Sequence DNA Primers/genetics DNA, Bacterial/*genetics DNA, Ribosomal/*genetics Kingella/classification/genetics Molecular Sequence Data Moraxella/classification/genetics Neisseria/classification/genetics Neisseriaceae/*classification/*genetics Phylogeny RNA, Bacterial/genetics RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid Species Specificity
Remarks: We obtained 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequence data for strains belonging to 11 species of Proteobacteria, including the type strains of Kingella kingae, Neisseria lactamica, Neisseria meningitidis, Moraxella lacunata subsp. lacunata, [Neisseria] ovis, Moraxella catarrhalis, Moraxella osloensis, [Moraxella] phenylpyruvica, and Acinetobacter lwoffii, as well as strains of Neisseria subflava and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus. The data in a distance matrix constructed by comparing the sequences supported the proposal that the genera Acinetobacter and Moraxella and [N.] ovis should be excluded from the family Neisseriaceae. Our results are consistent with hybridization data which suggest that these excluded taxa should be part of a new family, the Moraxellaceae. The strains that we studied can be divided into the following five groups: (i) M. lacunata subsp. lacunata, [N.] ovis, and M. catarrhalis; (ii) M. osloensis; (iii) [M.] phenylpyruvica; (iv) A. calcoaceticus and A. lwoffii; and (v) N. meningitidis, N. subflava, N. lactamica, and K. kingae. We agree with the previous proposal that [N.] ovis should be renamed Moraxella ovis, as this organism is closely related to Moraxella species and not to Neisseria species. The generically misnamed taxon [M.] phenylpyruvica belongs to the proposed family Moraxellaceae, but it is sufficiently different to warrant exclusion from the genus Moraxella. Further work needs to be done to investigate genetically similar species, such as Psychrobacter immobilis, before the true generic position of this organism can be determined. Automated 16S rDNA sequencing with the PCR allows workers to accurately determine phylogenetic relationships between groups of organisms.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
URL: 7520730
Ref #: 58969
Author(s): Bowman,J.P.;Cavanagh,J.;Austin,J.J.;Sanderson,K.
Journal: Int J Syst Bacteriol
Title: Novel Psychrobacter species from Antarctic ornithogenic soils
Volume: 46
Page(s): 841-8
Year: 1996
Keyword(s): GENBANK/U39399 GENBANK/U46139 GENBANK/U46140 GENBANK/U46141 GENBANK/U46142 GENBANK/U46143 GENBANK/U46144 Antarctic Regions Base Composition Base Sequence DNA, Ribosomal/chemistry Humans Lipids/analysis Molecular Sequence Data Moraxella/chemistry/*classification/genetics Phenotype RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics *Soil Microbiology
Remarks: Ornithogenic soil is derived from the deposition of the fecal matter of various species of birds and is a major source of nutrient input in the Antarctic marine ecosystem. A significant proportion of microbiota of ornithogenic soil collected from an Adelie penguin colony in eastern Antarctica (Vestfold Hills ice-free zone) consisted of gram-negative, coccoid bacteria identified on the basis of their phospholipid ester-linked fatty acid and lipid class profiles as Psychrobacter strains. Phenotypic, genotypic, and 16S ribosomal DNA phylogenetic analyses revealed that the Antarctic psychrobacters belonged to three distinct groups. Comparisons with Psychrobacter immobilis and Moraxella phenylpyruvica reference cultures isolated from fish, seawater, poultry, and human clinical specimens revealed the relationships of these groups within the genus Psychrobacter. Two of the groups represent the following two novel species: Psychrobacter urativorans sp. nov. (type strain, strain ACAM 534) and Psychrobacter frigidicola sp. nov. (type strain, strain ACAM 304). The third group of strains included members of the previously described species P. immobilis (Juni and Heym 1986). In addition, M. phenylpyruvica (Bovre and Henriksen 1967) is renamed Psychrobacter phenylpyruvicus comb. nov. (type strain, strain ACAM 535) on the basis of 16S ribosomal DNA phylogenetic data. In general, the genus Psychrobacter could be differentiated from the related genera Moraxella and Acinetobacter by the fact that the members of the genus Psychrobacter are psychrotolerant or psychrophilic and halotolerant, which reflects the ubiquitous distribution of the genus in both marine and terrestrial environments. On the basis of the results of this and previous studies, the genus Psychrobacter is the predominant genus in ornithogenic soils in Antarctica and is diverse.
URL: 8863407
Ref #: 13722
Author(s): Cavanagh,J.;Austin,J.J.;Sanderson,K.
Journal: Int J Syst Bacteriol
Title: Novel Psychrobacter species from Antarctic ornithogenic soils
Volume: 46
Page(s): 841-8
Year: 1996
Keyword(s): GENBANK/U39399 GENBANK/U46139 GENBANK/U46140 GENBANK/U46141 GENBANK/U46142 GENBANK/U46143 GENBANK/U46144 Antarctic Regions Base Composition Base Sequence DNA, Ribosomal/chemistry Human Lipids/analysis Molecular Sequence Data Moraxella/chemistry/*classification/genetics Phenotype RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics *Soil Microbiology
Remarks: Ornithogenic soil is derived from the deposition of the fecal matter of various species of birds and is a major source of nutrient input in the Antarctic marine ecosystem. A significant proportion of microbiota of ornithogenic soil collected from an Adelie penguin colony in eastern Antarctica (Vestfold Hills ice-free zone) consisted of gram-negative, coccoid bacteria identified on the basis of their phospholipid ester-linked fatty acid and lipid class profiles as Psychrobacter strains. Phenotypic, genotypic, and 16S ribosomal DNA phylogenetic analyses revealed that the Antarctic psychrobacters belonged to three distinct groups. Comparisons with Psychrobacter immobilis and Moraxella phenylpyruvica reference cultures isolated from fish, seawater, poultry, and human clinical specimens revealed the relationships of these groups within the genus Psychrobacter. Two of the groups represent the following two novel species: Psychrobacter urativorans sp. nov. (type strain, strain ACAM 534) and Psychrobacter frigidicola sp. nov. (type strain, strain ACAM 304). The third group of strains included members of the previously described species P. immobilis (Juni and Heym 1986). In addition, M. phenylpyruvica (Bovre and Henriksen 1967) is renamed Psychrobacter phenylpyruvicus comb. nov. (type strain, strain ACAM 535) on the basis of 16S ribosomal DNA phylogenetic data. In general, the genus Psychrobacter could be differentiated from the related genera Moraxella and Acinetobacter by the fact that the members of the genus Psychrobacter are psychrotolerant or psychrophilic and halotolerant, which reflects the ubiquitous distribution of the genus in both marine and terrestrial environments. On the basis of the results of this and previous studies, the genus Psychrobacter is the predominant genus in ornithogenic soils in Antarctica and is diverse.
URL: 97016781
Ref #: 11987
Author(s): Enright,M.C.;Carter,P.E.;MacLean,I.A.;McKenzie,H.
Journal: Int J Syst Bacteriol
Title: Phylogenetic relationships between some members of the genera Neisseria, Acinetobacter, Moraxella, and Kingella based on partial 16S ribosomal DNA sequence analysis
Volume: 44
Page(s): 387-91
Year: 1994
Keyword(s): GENBANK/X74893 GENBANK/X74894 GENBANK/X74895 GENBANK/X74896 GENBANK/X74897 GENBANK/X74898 GENBANK/X74899 GENBANK/X74900 GENBANK/X74901 GENBANK/X74902 GENBANK/X74903 Acinetobacter/classification/genetics Base Sequence Comparative Study DNA Primers/genetics DNA, Bacterial/*genetics DNA, Ribosomal/*genetics Kingella/classification/genetics Molecular Sequence Data Moraxella/classification/genetics Neisseria/classification/genetics Neisseriaceae/*classification/*genetics Phylogeny RNA, Bacterial/genetics RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid Species Specificity Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Remarks: We obtained 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequence data for strains belonging to 11 species of Proteobacteria, including the type strains of Kingella kingae, Neisseria lactamica, Neisseria meningitidis, Moraxella lacunata subsp. lacunata, [Neisseria] ovis, Moraxella catarrhalis, Moraxella osloensis, [Moraxella] phenylpyruvica, and Acinetobacter lwoffii, as well as strains of Neisseria subflava and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus. The data in a distance matrix constructed by comparing the sequences supported the proposal that the genera Acinetobacter and Moraxella and [N.] ovis should be excluded from the family Neisseriaceae. Our results are consistent with hybridization data which suggest that these excluded taxa should be part of a new family, the Moraxellaceae. The strains that we studied can be divided into the following five groups: (i) M. lacunata subsp. lacunata, [N.] ovis, and M. catarrhalis; (ii) M. osloensis; (iii) [M.] phenylpyruvica; (iv) A. calcoaceticus and A. lwoffii; and (v) N. meningitidis, N. subflava, N. lactamica, and K. kingae. We agree with the previous proposal that [N.] ovis should be renamed Moraxella ovis, as this organism is closely related to Moraxella species and not to Neisseria species. The generically misnamed taxon [M.] phenylpyruvica belongs to the proposed family Moraxellaceae, but it is sufficiently different to warrant exclusion from the genus Moraxella. Further work needs to be done to investigate genetically similar species, such as Psychrobacter immobilis, before the true generic position of this organism can be determined. Automated 16S rDNA sequencing with the PCR allows workers to accurately determine phylogenetic relationships between groups of organisms.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
URL: 94347600
Ref #: 1300
Author(s): Skerman,V.B.D.;McGowan,V.;Sneath,P.H.A.(ed)
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Approved Lists of Bacterial Names.
Volume: 30
Page(s): 225-420
Year: 1980
Ref #: 6267
Author(s): Bovre,K.;Henriksen,S.D.
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: A revised description of Moraxella polymorpha Flamm 1957, with a proposal of a new name, Moraxella phenylpyrouvica for this species.
Volume: 17
Page(s): 343-360
Year: 1967
Ref #: 6652
Author(s): Bowman,J.P.;Cavanagh,J.;Austin,J.J.;Sanderson,K.
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Novel Psychrobacter species from antarctic ornithogenic soils.
Volume: 46
Page(s): 841-848
Year: 1996
Data: (ATCC 23333) Type strain / K. Bovre, Oslo in 1967 / E. O. King, CDC Atlanta / Blood / Bovre, K. & Henriksen, S. D. (1967) Int. J. syst. Bact. 17, 343
Accession Date: 01/01/1967
History: ISOLATED BY KING E O CDC ATLANTA
Authority: (Bovre and Henriksen 1967) Bowman et al. 1996
Depositor: BOVRE K
Taxonomy: TaxLink: S5200 (Psychrobacter phenylpyruvicus (bovre and henriksen 1967) bowman et al. 1996) - Date of change: 16/06/2007 by NCTCUp to 16/06/2007: ? (NCTC 10526) - Date of change: 04/02/2003
Biosafety Responsibility: It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country

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