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Bacteria Collection: Avibacterium gallinarum

NCTC Number: NCTC 11188
Current Name: Avibacterium gallinarum
Original Strain Reference: P-913
Other Collection No: ATCC 13361; CL 364/75; P-913
Previous Catalogue Name: Pasteurella gallinarum
Type Strain: Yes
Family: Pasteurellaceae
Hazard Group (ACDP): 2
Release Restrictions: Terms & Conditions of Supply of Microbial Pathogens: Safety
Conditions for growth on solid media: Columbia blood agar, 24-48 hours, 37°C, aerobic
Conditions for growth on liquid media: nutrient broth,37, facultative anaerobe
Isolated From: bird;chicken sinus
Whole Genome Sequence: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/ERS1247843
16S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|AY362921|NCTC 11188|Pasteurella gallinarum strain NCTC 11188 16S ribosomal RNA gene,partial sequence.| attgaacgctggcgg...
Bibliography: HALL ET AL 1955 AM J VET RES 16 598
Extended Bibliography: showhide Show bibliography
Ref #: 67387
Author(s): Petersen,K.D.;Christensen,H.;Bisgaard,M.;Olsen,J.E.
Journal: Microbiology
Title: Genetic diversity of Pasteurella multocida fowl cholera isolates as demonstrated by ribotyping and 16S rRNA and partial atpD sequence comparisons
Volume: 147
Page(s): 2739-48
Year: 2001
Keyword(s): GENBANK/AF326323 GENBANK/AF326324 GENBANK/AF326325 Animals Bacterial Proton-Translocating ATPases/genetics Bird Diseases/*microbiology Birds DNA, Ribosomal/analysis/genetics Evolution, Molecular Genes, rRNA Molecular Sequence Data Pasteurella Infections/microbiology/*veterinary Pasteurella multocida/*classification/*genetics Phylogeny RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics Ribotyping Sequence Analysis, DNA *Variation (Genetics)
Remarks: The genetic diversity of Pasteurella multocida, the aetiological agent of fowl cholera, was investigated. The strain collection comprised 69 clinical isolates representing a wide spectrum of hosts and geographic origin. The three type strains for the subspecies of P. multocida were also included. Avian isolates of P. multocida subsp. multocida and P. multocida subsp. septica did not represent separate lines by HpaII ribotyping and the two type strains of mammalian origin (porcine and cat bite) seemed to be representative of avian strains of P. multocida subspp. multocida and septica. By ribotyping, all P. multocida subsp. gallicida strains, except one chicken isolate and the type strain, clustered together. This indicated that the bovine type strain was not representative of this subspecies and that most strains of P. multocida subsp. gallicida are genetically related and may be distantly related to other P. multocida isolates, including those of avian origin. By 16S rRNA and atpD sequence comparisons of selected strains, including both P. multocida isolated from birds and mammals and selected distantly related Pasteurella species associated with birds and mammals, it was found that P. multocida is monophyletic. Extended DNA-DNA hybridizations are highly indicated since strains may exist which would connect the existing subspecies at species level. The considerable genetic diversity of P. multocida fowl cholera isolates is probably related to the clonal nature of this organism, resulting in many divergent lines.
URL: 11577153
Ref #: 95477
Author(s): Korczak,B.;Christensen,H.;Emler,S.;Frey,J.;Kuhnert,P.
Journal: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
Title: Phylogeny of the family Pasteurellaceae based on rpoB sequences
Volume: 54
Page(s): 1393-9
Year: 2004
Keyword(s): Bacterial Proteins/genetics DNA, Bacterial/chemistry/isolation & purification DNA, Ribosomal/chemistry DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases/*genetics Genes, rRNA Molecular Sequence Data Pasteurellaceae/*classification/*genetics Phylogeny RNA, Bacterial/genetics RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics Sequence Analysis, DNA Sequence Homology
Remarks: Sequences of the gene encoding the beta-subunit of the RNA polymerase (rpoB) were used to delineate the phylogeny of the family Pasteurellaceae. A total of 72 strains, including the type strains of the major described species as well as selected field isolates, were included in the study. Selection of universal rpoB-derived primers for the family allowed straightforward amplification and sequencing of a 560 bp fragment of the rpoB gene. In parallel, 16S rDNA was sequenced from all strains. The phylogenetic tree obtained with the rpoB sequences reflected the major branches of the tree obtained with the 16S rDNA, especially at the genus level. Only a few discrepancies between the trees were observed. In certain cases the rpoB phylogeny was in better agreement with DNA-DNA hybridization studies than the phylogeny derived from 16S rDNA. The rpoB gene is strongly conserved within the various species of the family of Pasteurellaceae. Hence, rpoB gene sequence analysis in conjunction with 16S rDNA sequencing is a valuable tool for phylogenetic studies of the Pasteurellaceae and may also prove useful for reorganizing the current taxonomy of this bacterial family.
URL: 15280320
Ref #: 47767
Author(s): Christensen,H.;Kuhnert,P.;Olsen,J.E.;Bisgaard,M.
Journal: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
Title: Comparative phylogenies of the housekeeping genes atpD, infB and rpoB and the 16S rRNA gene within the Pasteurellaceae
Volume: 54
Page(s): 1601-9
Year: 2004
Keyword(s): GENBANK/AY296207 GENBANK/AY296208 GENBANK/AY296209 GENBANK/AY296210 GENBANK/AY296211 GENBANK/AY296212 GENBANK/AY296213 GENBANK/AY296214 GENBANK/AY296215 GENBANK/AY296216 GENBANK/AY296217 GENBANK/AY296218 GENBANK/AY296219 GENBANK/AY296220 GENBANK/AY296221 GENBANK/AY296222 GENBANK/AY296223 GENBANK/AY296224 GENBANK/AY296225 GENBANK/AY296226 GENBANK/AY296227 GENBANK/AY296228 GENBANK/AY296229 GENBANK/AY296230 GENBANK/AY296231 GENBANK/AY296232 GENBANK/AY296233 GENBANK/AY296234 GENBANK/AY296235 GENBANK/AY296236 GENBANK/AY296237 GENBANK/AY296238 GENBANK/AY296239 GENBANK/AY296240 GENBANK/AY296241 GENBANK/AY296242 GENBANK/AY296243 GENBANK/AY296244 GENBANK/AY296245 GENBANK/AY296246 GENBANK/AY314025 GENBANK/AY314043 Actinobacillus/genetics Bacterial Proteins/genetics DNA, Bacterial/chemistry/isolation & purification DNA, Ribosomal/chemistry/isolation & purification DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases/*genetics Evolution Genes, Bacterial Genes, rRNA Haemophilus/genetics Mannheimia/genetics Molecular Sequence Data Pasteurella/genetics Pasteurellaceae/*classification/*genetics Phylogeny Prokaryotic Initiation Factor-2/*genetics RNA, Bacterial/genetics RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/*genetics Sequence Analysis, DNA Transcription Factors/*genetics
Remarks: Phylogenies of housekeeping gene and 16S rRNA gene sequences were compared to improve the classification of the bacterial family Pasteurellaceae and knowledge of the evolutionary relationships of its members. Deduced partial protein sequences of the housekeeping genes atpD, infB and rpoB were compared in 28, 36 and 28 representative taxa of the Pasteurellaceae, respectively. The monophyly of representatives of the genus Gallibacterium was recognized by analysis of all housekeeping genes, while members of Mannheimia, Actinobacillus sensu stricto and the core group of Pasteurella sensu stricto formed monophyletic groups with two out of three housekeeping genes. Representatives of Mannheimia, Actinobacillus sensu stricto, [Haemophilus] ducreyi and [Pasteurella] trehalosi formed a monophyletic unit by analysis of all three housekeeping genes, which was in contrast to the 16S rRNA gene-derived phylogeny, where these taxa occurred at separate positions in the phylogenetic tree. Representatives of the Rodent, Avian and Aphrophilus-Haemophilus 16S rRNA gene groups were weakly supported by phylogenetic analysis of housekeeping genes. Phylogenies derived by comparison of the housekeeping genes diverged significantly from the 16S rRNA gene-derived phylogeny as evaluated by the likelihood ratio test. A low degree of congruence was also observed between the individual housekeeping gene-derived phylogenies. Estimates on speciation derived from 16S rRNA and housekeeping gene sequence comparisons resulted in quite different evolutionary scenarios for members of the Pasteurellaceae. The phylogeny based on the housekeeping genes supported observed host associations between Mannheimia, Actinobacillus sensu stricto and [Pasteurella] trehalosi and animals with paired hooves.
URL: 15388716
Ref #: 13368
Author(s): Petersen,K.D.;Christensen,H.;Bisgaard,M.;Olsen,J.E.
Journal: Microbiology
Title: Genetic diversity of Pasteurella multocida fowl cholera isolates as demonstrated by ribotyping and 16S rRNA and partial atpD sequence comparisons
Volume: 147
Page(s): 2739-48
Year: 2001
Keyword(s): GENBANK/AF326323 GENBANK/AF326324 GENBANK/AF326325 Animal Bacterial Proton-Translocating ATPases/genetics Bird Diseases/*microbiology Birds Comparative Study DNA, Ribosomal/analysis/genetics Evolution, Molecular Genes, rRNA Molecular Sequence Data Pasteurella Infections/microbiology/*veterinary Pasteurella multocida/*classification/*genetics Phylogeny RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics Ribotyping Sequence Analysis, DNA Support, Non-U.S. Gov't *Variation (Genetics)
Remarks: The genetic diversity of Pasteurella multocida, the aetiological agent of fowl cholera, was investigated. The strain collection comprised 69 clinical isolates representing a wide spectrum of hosts and geographic origin. The three type strains for the subspecies of P. multocida were also included. Avian isolates of P. multocida subsp. multocida and P. multocida subsp. septica did not represent separate lines by HpaII ribotyping and the two type strains of mammalian origin (porcine and cat bite) seemed to be representative of avian strains of P. multocida subspp. multocida and septica. By ribotyping, all P. multocida subsp. gallicida strains, except one chicken isolate and the type strain, clustered together. This indicated that the bovine type strain was not representative of this subspecies and that most strains of P. multocida subsp. gallicida are genetically related and may be distantly related to other P. multocida isolates, including those of avian origin. By 16S rRNA and atpD sequence comparisons of selected strains, including both P. multocida isolated from birds and mammals and selected distantly related Pasteurella species associated with birds and mammals, it was found that P. multocida is monophyletic. Extended DNA-DNA hybridizations are highly indicated since strains may exist which would connect the existing subspecies at species level. The considerable genetic diversity of P. multocida fowl cholera isolates is probably related to the clonal nature of this organism, resulting in many divergent lines.
URL: 21461099
Data: (ATCC 13361, CL 364/75) Type strain / P. H. A. Sneath, University of Leicester in 1975 / K. L. Heddleston, USDA / Chicken, sinus / Hall, et al. (1955) Am. J. Vet. Res. 16, 598
Accession Date: 01/01/1975
History: ISOLATED BY HEDDLESTON K L USDA-ATCC
Authority: Hall et al. 1955 (AL)
Depositor: SNEATH P H A
Taxonomy: TaxLink: S3723 (Pasteurella gallinarum Hall et al. 1955) - Date of change: 5/02/2003
Biosafety Responsibility: It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country

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