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Bacteria Collection: Bacillus anthracis

NCTC Number: NCTC 10340
Current Name: Bacillus anthracis
Original Strain Reference: Vollum
Other Collection No: ATCC 14578; NCIB 9388; SNEATH D455; VOLLUM
Previous Catalogue Name: Bacillus anthracis
Type Strain: Yes
Family: Bacillaceae
Hazard Group (ACDP): 3
Release Restrictions: Terms & Conditions of Supply of Microbial Pathogens: Safety
Conditions for growth on solid media: nutrient agar,37, facultative anaerobe
Conditions for growth on liquid media: nutrient broth,37, facultative anaerobe
Isolated From: mammal, cow
16S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|AB190217|ATCC 14578|Bacillus anthracis gene for 16S rRNA, partial sequence, strain:ATCC14578.| agagcttgctcttat...
Miscellaneous Sequence Data: >gb|AY265468|ATCC 14578|Bacillus anthracis strain ATCC 14578 GyrB (gyrB) gene, partial cds.| gcctgtatatgtaga...
Bibliography: SMITH N R ET AL 1964 J GEN MICROBIOL 34 269
Extended Bibliography: showhide Show bibliography
Ref #: 95475
Author(s): Ko,K.S.;Kim,J.W.;Kim,J.M.;Kim,W.;Chung,S.I.;Kim,I.J.;Kook,Y.H.
Journal: Infect Immun
Title: Population structure of the Bacillus cereus group as determined by sequence analysis of six housekeeping genes and the plcR Gene
Volume: 72
Page(s): 5253-61
Year: 2004
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Remarks: The population structure of the Bacillus cereus group (52 strains of B. anthracis, B. cereus, and B. thuringiensis) was investigated by sequencing seven gene fragments (rpoB, gyrB, pycA, mdh, mbl, mutS, and plcR). Most of the strains were classifiable into two large subgroups in six housekeeping gene trees but not in the plcR tree. In addition, several consistent clusters were identified, which were unrelated to species distinction. Moreover, interrelationships among these clusters were incongruent in each gene tree. The incongruence length difference test and split decomposition analyses also showed incongruences between genes, suggesting horizontal gene transfer. The plcR gene was observed to have characteristics that differed from those of the other genes in terms of phylogenetic topology and pattern of sequence diversity. Thus, we suggest that the evolutionary history of the PlcR regulon differs from those of the other chromosomal genes and that recombination of the plcR gene may be frequent. The homogeneity of B. anthracis, which is depicted as an independent lineage in phylogenetic trees, is suggested to be of recent origin or to be due to the narrow taxonomic definition of species.
URL: 15322020
Data: (Sneath D455, ATCC 14578, NCIB 9388) Type Strain / T. Gibson, Edinburgh in 1963 / ATCC / P. H. A. Sneath / Darlow / Vollum / Dunkin / Cow / Smith, N. R. et al. (1964) J. gen. Microbiol. 34, 269
Accession Date: 01/01/1963
History: ATCC;SNEATH P H A;DARLOW;VOLLUM;DUNKIN
Authority: Cohn 1872 (AL)
Depositor: GIBSON T
Taxonomy: TaxLink: S387 (Bacillus anthracis Cohn 1872) - Date of change: 5/02/2003
Biosafety Responsibility: It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country

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