Culture Collections

Bacteria and Mycoplasmas detail

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Bacteria Collection: Paenibacillus macerans

NCTC Number: NCTC 6355
Current Name: Paenibacillus macerans
Original Strain Reference: N. R. Smith 888
Other Collection No: ATCC 8244; CCM 2012; CIP 66.19; DSM 24; IAM 12467; LMG 13281; NCIB 9368
Previous Catalogue Name: Bacillus macerans
Type Strain: Yes
Family: Paenibacillaceae
Hazard Group (ACDP): 2
Release Restrictions: Terms & Conditions of Supply of Microbial Pathogens: Safety
Conditions for growth on solid media: Nutrient agar, 24-48 hours, 37°C, aerobic
Whole Genome Sequence: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/ERS1247824
16S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|AF478101|ATCC 8244|Paenibacillus macerans clone JR-1F 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partialsequence; 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer, complete sequence;and 23S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence.| atgccgcggtgaata... >gb|X57306|ATCC 8244 AND DSM 24|B.macerans 16S rRNA.| ttattggagagtttg...
23S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|AF478101|ATCC 8244|Paenibacillus macerans clone JR-1F 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partialsequence; 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer, complete sequence;and 23S ribosomal RNA gene, partial sequence.| atgccgcggtgaata...
Extended Bibliography: showhide Show bibliography
Ref #: 22093
Author(s): Xu,D.;Cote,J.C.
Journal: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
Title: Phylogenetic relationships between Bacillus species and related genera inferred from comparison of 3' end 16S rDNA and 5' end 16S-23S ITS nucleotide sequences
Volume: 53
Page(s): 695-704
Year: 2003
Keyword(s): GENBANK/AF478062 GENBANK/AF478063 GENBANK/AF478064 GENBANK/AF478065 GENBANK/AF478066 GENBANK/AF478067 GENBANK/AF478068 GENBANK/AF478069 GENBANK/AF478070 GENBANK/AF478071 GENBANK/AF478072 GENBANK/AF478073 GENBANK/AF478074 GENBANK/AF478075 GENBANK/AF478076 GENBANK/AF478077 GENBANK/AF478078 GENBANK/AF478079 GENBANK/AF478080 GENBANK/AF478081 GENBANK/AF478082 GENBANK/AF478083 GENBANK/AF478084 GENBANK/AF478085 GENBANK/AF478086 GENBANK/AF478087 GENBANK/AF478088 GENBANK/AF478089 GENBANK/AF478090 GENBANK/AF478091 GENBANK/AF478092 GENBANK/AF478093 GENBANK/AF478094 GENBANK/AF478095 GENBANK/AF478096 GENBANK/AF478097 GENBANK/AF478098 GENBANK/AF478099 GENBANK/AF478100 GENBANK/AF478101 GENBANK/AF478102 GENBANK/AF478103 GENBANK/AF478104 GENBANK/AF478105 GENBANK/AF478106 GENBANK/AF478107 GENBANK/AF478108 GENBANK/AF478109 GENBANK/AF478110 GENBANK/AF478111 3' Untranslated Regions/*genetics 5' Untranslated Regions/*genetics Bacillus/*classification/genetics DNA, Ribosomal/analysis DNA, Ribosomal Spacer/*analysis Genes, rRNA Molecular Sequence Data *Phylogeny RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/*genetics RNA, Ribosomal, 23S/genetics *Sequence Analysis, DNA Species Specificity
Remarks: The nucleotide sequences of the 3' end of the 16S rDNA and the 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer (ITS) of 40 Bacillaceae species were determined. These included 21 Bacillus, 9 Paenibacillus, 6 Brevibacillus, 2 Geobacillus, 1 Marinibacillus and 1 Virgibacillus species. Comparative sequence analysis of a 220 bp region covering a highly conserved 150 bp sequence located at the 3' end of the 16S rRNA coding region and a conserved 70 bp sequence located at the 5' end of the 16S-23S ITS of the 40 species and six sequences available in GenBank were used to infer the phylogenetic relationships between all 46 taxa. When a maximal distance (D(max), where D refers to the number of nucleotide substitutions per site) of 0.31 was introduced as a threshold to determine groupings, 10 phylogenetically distinct clusters were revealed. Twenty-six Bacillus species were separated in seven groups (I, II, III, IV, V, VI and X), but Bacillus circulans remained ungrouped. All six Brevibacillus species under study were in Group VII. The nine Paenibacillus species fell into two distinct groups (VIII and IX). Species with D(max) values within 0.05 were considered to be very closely related. These were Bacillus psychrophilus and Bacillus psychrosaccharolyticus in Group II; 'Bacillus maroccanus' and Bacillus simplex in Group II; Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, Bacillus atrophaeus, Bacillus mojavensis and Bacillus subtilis in Group VI; Bacillus fusiformis and Bacillus sphaericus in Group VI; Brevibacillus brevis and Brevibacillus formosus in Group VII; Paenibacillus gordonae and Paenibacillus validus in Group VIII; and Bacillus anthracis, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus mycoides and Bacillus thuringiensis in Group X. The phylogenetic classification presented here is, in general, in agreement with current classifications based on phenotypic and molecular data. Our findings suggest, however, that in some cases, further divisions or, conversely, further groupings might be warranted. Should current classifications be re-examined in the light of our results, D(max) values of 0.31 and 0.05, as exemplified here, may prove useful threshold values for the grouping of Bacillaceae into taxa akin to genera and species, respectively. These D(max) thresholds may also reveal, in a different way, bacterial species for which further characterization might be warranted for proper classification and/or reassignment.
URL: 12807189
Ref #: 22221
Author(s): Rossler,D.;Ludwig,W.;Schleifer,K.H.;Lin,C.;McGill,T.J.;Wisotzkey,J.D.;Jurtshuk P,J.r.;Fox,G.E.
Journal: Syst Appl Microbiol
Title: Phylogenetic diversity in the genus Bacillus as seen by 16S rRNA sequencing studies
Volume: 14
Page(s): 266-9
Year: 1995
Keyword(s): Bacillus/*classification/genetics Bacillus stearothermophilus/classification/genetics Bacillus subtilis/classification/genetics Base Sequence DNA, Bacterial/genetics *Phylogeny RNA, Bacterial/classification/*genetics RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/classification/*genetics Sequence Alignment *Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
Remarks: Comparative sequence analysis of 16S ribosomal (r)RNAs or DNAs of Bacillus alvei, B. laterosporus, B. macerans, B. macquariensis, B. polymyxa and B. stearothermophilus revealed the phylogenetic diversity of the genus Bacillus. Based on the presently available data set of 16S rRNA sequences from bacilli and relatives at least four major "Bacillus clusters" can be defined: a "Bacillus subtilis cluster" including B. stearothermophilus, a "B. brevis cluster" including B. laterosporus, a "B. alvei cluster" including B. macerans, B. maquariensis and B. polymyxa and a "B. cycloheptanicus branch".
URL: 11538306
Ref #: 12306
Author(s): Rossler,D.;Ludwig,W.;Schleifer,K.H.;Lin,C.;McGill,T.J.;Wisotzkey,J.D.;Jurtshuk P,J.r.;Fox,G.E.
Journal: Syst Appl Microbiol
Title: Phylogenetic diversity in the genus Bacillus as seen by 16S rRNA sequencing studies
Volume: 14
Page(s): 266-9
Year: 1995
Keyword(s): Bacillus/*classification/genetics Bacillus stearothermophilus/classification/genetics Bacillus subtilis/classification/genetics Base Sequence DNA, Bacterial/genetics *Phylogeny RNA, Bacterial/classification/*genetics RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/classification/*genetics Sequence Alignment *Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Remarks: Comparative sequence analysis of 16S ribosomal (r)RNAs or DNAs of Bacillus alvei, B. laterosporus, B. macerans, B. macquariensis, B. polymyxa and B. stearothermophilus revealed the phylogenetic diversity of the genus Bacillus. Based on the presently available data set of 16S rRNA sequences from bacilli and relatives at least four major "Bacillus clusters" can be defined: a "Bacillus subtilis cluster" including B. stearothermophilus, a "B. brevis cluster" including B. laterosporus, a "B. alvei cluster" including B. macerans, B. maquariensis and B. polymyxa and a "B. cycloheptanicus branch".
URL: 95609108
Ref #: 1300
Author(s): Skerman,V.B.D.;McGowan,V.;Sneath,P.H.A.(ed)
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Approved Lists of Bacterial Names.
Volume: 30
Page(s): 225-420
Year: 1980
Ref #: 3768
Author(s): Fahmy,F.;Flossdorf,J.;Claus,D.
Journal: System. Appl. Microbiol.
Title: The DNA base composition of the type strains of the genus Bacillus.
Volume: 6
Page(s): 60-65
Year: 1985
Ref #: 5192
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List No. 51.
Volume: 44
Page(s): 852
Year: 1994
Ref #: 5201
Author(s): Ash,C.;Priest,F.G.;Collins,M.D.
Journal: Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol.
Title: Molecular identification of rRNA group 3 bacilli (Ash, Farrow, Wallbanks and Collins) using a PCR probe test.
Volume: 64
Page(s): 253-260
Year: 1993
Ref #: 5225
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List No. 52.
Volume: 45
Page(s): 197-198
Year: 1995
Ref #: 6615
Author(s): Heyndrickx,M.;Vandermeulebroecke,K.;Kersters,K.;DeVos,P.;Logan,N.A.;Aziz,M.A.;Ali,N.;Berkeley,R.C.W.
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: A polyphasic reassessment of the genus Paenibacillus, reclassification of Bacillus lautus (Nakamura 1984) as Paenibacillus lautus comb. nov. and of Bacillus peoriae (Montefusco et al. 1993) as Paenibacillus peoriae comb. nov., and emended description of
Volume: 46
Page(s): 988-1003
Year: 1996
Ref #: 81
Author(s): Tilden,E.B.;Hudson,C.S.
Journal: J. Bacteriol.
Title: Preparation and properties of the amylases produced by Bacillus macerans and Bacillus polymyxa.
Volume: 43
Page(s): 527-544
Year: 1942
Data: (Porter, Pribram, Schardinger, ATCC 8244, NCIB 9368) Type strain / ATCC in 1942 / N. R. Smith / R. Porter / Pribram Collection / F. Schardinger / Redeposited by T. Gibson, Edinburgh in 1963 / Schardinger, F. (1905) Zentbl. Bakt. ParasitKde, II. Abt. 14, 772 / Smith, N. R. et al. (1964) J. gen. Microbiol. 34, 269 / Tilden, E. B. & Hudson, C. S. (1942) J. Bact. 43, 527
Accession Date: 04/02/2003
Authority: (Schardinger 1905) Ash et al. 1994
Taxonomy: TaxLink: S416 (Paenibacillus macerans (schardinger 1905) ash et al. 1994) - Date of change: 16/06/2007 by NCTCUp to 16/06/2007: ? (NCTC 6355) - Date of change: 04/02/2003
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