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Bacteria Collection: Proteus vulgaris

NCTC Number: NCTC 4175
Current Name: Proteus vulgaris
Original Strain Reference: Lehmann
Other Collection No: ATCC 13315; DSM 30118; IFO 3851; LEHMANN; NCIB 4175
Previous Catalogue Name: Proteus vulgaris
Other Names: PROTEUS MIRABILIS, HAUSER 1885
Type Strain: No
Family: Enterobacteriaceae
Hazard Group (ACDP): 2
Release Restrictions: Terms & Conditions of Supply of Microbial Pathogens: Safety
Conditions for growth on solid media: nutrient agar,37, facultative anaerobe
Conditions for growth on liquid media: nutrient broth,37, facultative anaerobe
16S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|AJ233425|DSM 30118|Proteus vulgaris 16S rRNA gene (strain DSM 30118).| gattgaacgctggcg... >gb|DQ885262|NCTC 4175|Proteus hauseri strain NCTC 4175 16S ribosomal RNA gene, partialsequence.| actctggttgatcat...
23S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|AY116927|ATCC 13315|Proteus vulgaris strain ATCC 13315 23S ribosomal RNA gene, partialsequence.| ggttaagcgaataag...
Miscellaneous Sequence Data: >gb|AJ300544|CIP 58.60T| ATCC 13315T|Proteus vulgaris partial gyrB gene for DNA gyrase B subunit strainCIP 58.60T, ATCC 13315T.| ataagtttgacgaca...
Bibliography: EDITORIAL BOARD 1959 INT BULL BACT NOM- ENCL TAXON 9 105; EKLADIUS L ET AL
Extended Bibliography: showhide Show bibliography
Ref #: 45324
Author(s): Sproer,C.;Mendrock,U.;Swiderski,J.;Lang,E.;Stackebrandt,E.
Journal: Int J Syst Bacteriol
Title: The phylogenetic position of Serratia, Buttiauxella and some other genera of the family Enterobacteriaceae
Volume: 49 Pt 4
Page(s): 1433-8
Year: 1999
Keyword(s): GENBANK/AJ233400 GENBANK/AJ233401 GENBANK/AJ233402 GENBANK/AJ233403 GENBANK/AJ233404 GENBANK/AJ233405 GENBANK/AJ233406 GENBANK/AJ233407 GENBANK/AJ233408 GENBANK/AJ233409 GENBANK/AJ233410 GENBANK/AJ233411 GENBANK/AJ233412 GENBANK/AJ233413 GENBANK/AJ233414 GENBANK/AJ233415 GENBANK/AJ233416 GENBANK/AJ233417 GENBANK/AJ233418 GENBANK/AJ233419 GENBANK/AJ233420 GENBANK/AJ233421 GENBANK/AJ233422 GENBANK/AJ233423 GENBANK/AJ233424 GENBANK/AJ233425 GENBANK/AJ233426 GENBANK/AJ233427 GENBANK/AJ233428 GENBANK/AJ233429 etc. DNA, Ribosomal/genetics Enterobacteriaceae/classification/*genetics Molecular Sequence Data *Phylogeny Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics Sequence Analysis, DNA Serratia/classification/*genetics
Remarks: The phylogenetic relationships of the type strains of 38 species from 15 genera of the family Enterobacteriaceae were investigated by comparative 16S rDNA analysis. Several sequences of strains from the genera Citrobacter, Erwinia, Pantoea, Proteus, Rahnella and Serratia, analysed in this study, have been analysed previously. However, as the sequences of this study differ slightly from the published ones, they were included in the analysis. Of the 23 enterobacterial genera included in an overview dendrogram of relatedness, members of the genera Xenorhabdus, Photorhabdus, Proteus and Plesiomonas were used as a root. The other genera formed two groups which could be separated, although not exclusively, by signature nucleotides at positions 590-649 and 600-638. Group A contains species of Brenneria, Buttiauxella, Citrobacter, Escherichia, Erwinia, Klebsiella, Pantoea, Pectobacterium and Salmonella. All seven type strains of Buttiauxella share 16S rDNA similarities greater than 99%. Group B embraces two phylogenetically separate Serratia clusters, a lineage containing Yersinia species, Rahnella aquatica, Ewingella americana, and also the highly related pair Hafnia alvei and Obesumbacterium proteus.
URL: 10555323
Ref #: 48709
Author(s): Dauga,C.
Journal: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
Title: Evolution of the gyrB gene and the molecular phylogeny of Enterobacteriaceae: a model molecule for molecular systematic studies
Volume: 52
Page(s): 531-47
Year: 2002
Keyword(s): GENBANK/AJ300528 GENBANK/AJ300529 GENBANK/AJ300530 GENBANK/AJ300531 GENBANK/AJ300532 GENBANK/AJ300533 GENBANK/AJ300534 GENBANK/AJ300535 GENBANK/AJ300536 GENBANK/AJ300537 GENBANK/AJ300538 GENBANK/AJ300539 GENBANK/AJ300540 GENBANK/AJ300541 GENBANK/AJ300542 GENBANK/AJ300543 GENBANK/AJ300544 GENBANK/AJ300545 GENBANK/AJ300546 GENBANK/AJ300547 GENBANK/AJ300548 GENBANK/AJ300549 GENBANK/AJ300550 GENBANK/AJ300551 GENBANK/AJ300552 GENBANK/AJ300553 GENBANK/AJ300554 DNA Gyrase/*genetics Enterobacteriaceae/*classification/genetics Evolution, Molecular Genes, rRNA Molecular Sequence Data Phenotype RNA, Bacterial/chemistry RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/chemistry
Remarks: Phylogenetic trees showing the evolutionary relatedness of Enterobacteriaceae based upon gyrB and 16S rRNA genes were compared. Congruence among trees of these molecules indicates that the genomes of these species are not completely mosaic and that molecular systematic studies can be carried out. Phylogenetic trees based on gyrB sequences appeared to be more reliable at determining relationships among Serratia species than trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. gyrB sequences from Serratia species formed a monophyletic group validated by significant bootstrap values. Serratia fonticola had the most deeply branching gyrB sequence in the Serratia monophyletic group, which was consistent with its atypical phenotypic characteristics. Klebsiella and Enterobacter genera seemed to be polyphyletic, but the branching patterns of gyrB and 16S rRNA gene trees were not congruent. Enterobacter aerogenes was grouped with Klebsiella pneumoniae on the gyrB phylogenetic tree, which supports that this species could be transferred to the Klebsiella genus. Unfortunately, 16S rRNA and gyrB phylogenetic trees gave conflicting evolutionary relationships for Citrobacter freundii because of its unusual gyrB evolutionary process. gyrB lateral gene transfer was suspected for Hafnia alvei. Saturation of gyrB genes was observed by the pairwise comparison of Proteus spp., Providencia alcalifaciens and Morganella morganii sequences. Depending on their level of variability, 16S rRNA gene sequences were useful for describing phylogenetic relationships between distantly related Enterobacteriaceae, whereas gyrB sequence comparison was useful for inferring intra- and some intergeneric relationships.
URL: 11931166
Ref #: 12300
Author(s): Sproer,C.;Mendrock,U.;Swiderski,J.;Lang,E.;Stackebrandt,E.
Journal: Int J Syst Bacteriol
Title: The phylogenetic position of Serratia, Buttiauxella and some other genera of the family Enterobacteriaceae
Volume: 49 Pt 4
Page(s): 1433-8
Year: 1999
Keyword(s): GENBANK/AJ233400 GENBANK/AJ233401 GENBANK/AJ233402 GENBANK/AJ233403 GENBANK/AJ233404 GENBANK/AJ233405 GENBANK/AJ233406 GENBANK/AJ233407 GENBANK/AJ233408 GENBANK/AJ233409 GENBANK/AJ233410 GENBANK/AJ233411 GENBANK/AJ233412 GENBANK/AJ233413 GENBANK/AJ233414 GENBANK/AJ233415 GENBANK/AJ233416 GENBANK/AJ233417 GENBANK/AJ233418 GENBANK/AJ233419 GENBANK/AJ233420 GENBANK/AJ233421 GENBANK/AJ233422 GENBANK/AJ233423 GENBANK/AJ233424 GENBANK/AJ233425 GENBANK/AJ233426 GENBANK/AJ233427 GENBANK/AJ233428 GENBANK/AJ233429 etc. DNA, Ribosomal/genetics Enterobacteriaceae/classification/*genetics Molecular Sequence Data *Phylogeny Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics Sequence Analysis, DNA Serratia/classification/*genetics
Remarks: The phylogenetic relationships of the type strains of 38 species from 15 genera of the family Enterobacteriaceae were investigated by comparative 16S rDNA analysis. Several sequences of strains from the genera Citrobacter, Erwinia, Pantoea, Proteus, Rahnella and Serratia, analysed in this study, have been analysed previously. However, as the sequences of this study differ slightly from the published ones, they were included in the analysis. Of the 23 enterobacterial genera included in an overview dendrogram of relatedness, members of the genera Xenorhabdus, Photorhabdus, Proteus and Plesiomonas were used as a root. The other genera formed two groups which could be separated, although not exclusively, by signature nucleotides at positions 590-649 and 600-638. Group A contains species of Brenneria, Buttiauxella, Citrobacter, Escherichia, Erwinia, Klebsiella, Pantoea, Pectobacterium and Salmonella. All seven type strains of Buttiauxella share 16S rDNA similarities greater than 99%. Group B embraces two phylogenetically separate Serratia clusters, a lineage containing Yersinia species, Rahnella aquatica, Ewingella americana, and also the highly related pair Hafnia alvei and Obesumbacterium proteus.
URL: 20023023
Ref #: 1300
Author(s): Skerman,V.B.D.;McGowan,V.;Sneath,P.H.A.(ed)
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Approved Lists of Bacterial Names.
Volume: 30
Page(s): 225-420
Year: 1980
Ref #: 2358
Author(s): Roberts,R.J.
Journal: Nucl. Acids Res.
Title: Restriction and modification enzymes and their recognition sequences.
Volume: 13,
Page(s): r165-r200
Year: 1985
Ref #: 6924
Author(s): DeutschesInstitutfürNormungDIN.NormenausschußMedizin(NAMed)
Title: DIN 58959-7. Qualitätsmanagement in der medizinischen Mikrobiologie. Teil 7: Allgemeine Anforderungen an das Mitführen von Kontrollstämmen. Beiblatt 2: ATCC- und DSM-Nummern häufig verwendeter Kontrollstämme.
Year: 1997
Ref #: 7606
Author(s): JudicialCommissionoftheInternationalCommitteeonSystematicBacteriology
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Replacement of strain NCTC 4175, since 1963 the neotype strain of Proteus vulgaris, with strain ATCC 29905 - Opinion 70.
Volume: 49
Page(s): 1949
Year: 1999
Ref #: 872
Author(s): Ekladius,K.;King,H.K.;Sutton,C.R.
Journal: J. Gen. Microbiol.
Title: Decarboxylation of neutral amino acids in Proteus vulgaris.
Volume: 17
Page(s): 602-619
Year: 1957
Ref #: 873
Author(s): Guo,M.M.S.;Liu,P.V.
Journal: J. Gen. Microbiol.
Title: Serological specificities of ureases of Proteus species.
Volume: 38
Page(s): 417-422
Year: 1965
Data: (ATCC 13315, NCIB 4175) Was Type strain but since replaced by NCTC 13145 / Pribram Collection, Vienna in 1933 / K. B. Lehmann, Wurzburg / Proteus mirabilis / Ekladius, L. et al. (1957) J. gen. Microbiol. 17, 602 / Editorial Board (1959) Int. Bull. bact. Nomencl. Taxon. 9, 105 / Opinion 26 (1963) Int. Bull. bact. Nomencl. Taxon. 13, 35
Accession Date: 01/01/1933
History: PRIBRAM COLLECTION VIENNA RECEIVED IT FROM LEHMANN WURZBURG PRE:FR
Authority: Hauser 1885 (AL)
Depositor: PRIBRAM COLLECTION
Taxonomy: TaxLink: S2386 (Proteus vulgaris Hauser 1885) - Date of change: 5/02/2003
Biosafety Responsibility: It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country

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